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Elizabeth Kudadjie-Gyamfi
Ph.D. Experimental Psychology
State University of New York, Stony Brook, 1998

Biographical Information
Dr. Kudadjie-Gyamfi obtained her undergraduate degree in Mathematics and Psychology from the University of Ghana. She also obtained a graduate certificate in Women’s Studies from SUNY, Stony Brook. She is Psi Chi’s Faculty Advisor, and has recently served as the Associate Coordinator for the National Institute of Mental Health’s Career Opportunities in Research (NIMH-COR) Honors Program for minority students.

Research Interests:
Environmental determinants of, and contributions to, the process of optimal decision-making as well as behavior patterns and organizations that foster self-control choices.
Motivation and cognition in self-control.
Gender issues and cross-cultural studies on the woman’s role in the home and workplace, gender relations and the experience of violence in the home.
Feminist identity and development in minority women.
Decision-making and preventive health behaviors.

Recent Publications:

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., & Magai, C. (in press). The influence of coping styles on mammography screening in a multiethnic sample. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., Consedine, N., Ungar, T., & Magai, C. (in press). The influence of coping with prostate cancer threat on frequency of digital rectal examinations. American Journal of Health Behavior.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E. (2006). The impact of imposed patterning, intrinsic motivation, and cognition on random and simple outcomes in choice behavior. The Behavior Analyst Today, 7(4), 481-491.

Consedine, N. S., Magai, C., Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., Kaluk Longfellow, J., Ungar, T., & King, A. R. (2006). Stress versus negative emotion in the prediction of physical complaints: Does predictive utility vary across ethnic groups? Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 12(3), 541-557.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., Consedine, N. S., & Magai, C. (2006). On the importance of being ethnic: Coping with the threat of prostate cancer in relation to prostate cancer screening. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 12(3), 509-526.

Magai, C., Consedine, N. S., Krivoshekova, Y. S., Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E. & McPherson, R. (2006). Emotion experience and expression across the adult lifespan: Insights from a multi-modal assessment study. Psychology and Aging, 21(2), 303-317.

Consedine, N. S., Morgenstern, A. H., Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., Magai, C., & Neugut, A. I. (2006). Prostate cancer screening behavior in men from seven ethnic groups: The Fear Factor. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 15, 228-237.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E, Consedine, N. S., Magai, C., Gillespie, M., & Pierre-Louis, J. (2005). Breast self-exam practices among women from six ethnic groups and the influence of cancer worry. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 92 (1), 35 – 45.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E. (2004). Effects of random outcomes on choice behavior. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98, 1296-1304.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E., & Rachlin, H. (2002). Rule-governed versus contingency-governed behavior in a self-control task. Behavioural Processes, 57(1), 29-35.

Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E & Rachlin, H. (1996). Temporal patterning in choice among delayed outcome. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 65, 61-67.

Ongoing Research Projects:

Increasing awareness and adherence to mammography among African American and Caribbean American women. The overall goals of the project are to determine how education about breast cancer and mammogram screening, provision and facilitation of access to screening, and individual decision-making styles impact actual screening behavior among African American and Caribbean American women. Furthermore, we examine how these factors impact the decision to follow through with mammogram appointments.

Genetic testing paradox: The disconnection between positive attitudes about genetic counseling and actual participation. The aim of the study is to examine reasons for the low levels of participation in genetic screening for breast cancer among subpopulations of African American (AA) women. We test hypotheses about the predictive value of several background and psychosocial factors that may influence interest in and intention to seek genetic testing, including perceived risk breast cancer, knowledge about genetic testing, cancer worry, fatalism, cancer stigma, and avoidant coping. We also examine how family fragmentation, common in the AA family, may be manifested in poor knowledge of family history of disease and in a desire to avoid genetic screening.

Risk factors for mammographic density among African American and Caribbean Americans. This pilot study aims to 1) describe the distribution of mammographic density among younger Caribbean and African American women ages 40-60 years; 2) examine whether risk factors that increase density including exogenous estrogen use and alcohol exposure in whites also increase density in these populations; 3) examine whether exposures unique to Caribbean and African American populations including use of certain hair products containing hormones increase density in this population and 4) examine risk factors associated with trade-offs in breast cancer screening.

Motivation and cognition in the exercise of self-control. This project addresses issues of motivation and cognition arising from previous studies. Previous experiments suggest that there is no clear distinction between motivational and cognitive explanations for the exercise of self-control. In the first phase of this study, accurate perception of the underlying non-verbalized rules was associated with more optimal decision making. Furthermore, imposed patterning and intrinsic motivation (a moderator) were significant factors in determining optimal decision making. The second phase of the project examines decision-making styles, need for cognition, locus of control, as well the prior factors of risk and motivation on self-control and altruistic behavior.

Cultural and demographic factors in the measurement of feminist identity and development in an ethnically diverse population. The aims of this study are to assess, among others, relationships among self-esteem, ethnicity and attitudes towards women (as measured by gender role and feminist goals). Four ethnic groups (Caucasian, African, Latino and Asian Americans) are represented. In Phase 1 of the study, psychometric properties of various scales are examined, and descriptions of the processes will be provided for the various ethnic groups. In Phase 2, the newly validated instruments will be used to assess various cultural and gender processes.  


Long Island University

Brooklyn Campus

Psychology Department