Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging

Sinfree Makoni, PhD.

Degree Institutions: University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Title: Associate Professor of Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics


Professor Makoni holds a PhD from the Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics from the University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom. He has taught in a number of undergraduate and graduate programs in Africa, Europe and the United States. His research interests are in cognition, second language acquisition, and language in aging. He is currently involved in a number of empirical research projects on multilingual aging.

Honors and Awards

Jan - April 1998Visiting Research Fellow. Centre for Applied Linguistics Research, Thames Valley University, United Kingdom
1999 - 2000The DuBois - Mandela - Rodney Fellowship, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor USA for 1999-2000. Centre for Afro-American and African Studies.
1996 JanuaryAssociate Professor in Applied Linguistics, Department of English Language & Literature, University of Cape Town.
1995 (Jan to Dec.)Acting Chairperson, Department of Linguistics, University of the Western Cape
1992 - 1995Lecturer/Senior Lecturer Departments of Didactics/Linguistics, University of the Western Cape (UWC)
1992 - 1995Convenor Masters in Applied Linguistics and language Education

Papers and publications in International Journals

From Health communication to bilingualism (with NB.Moses) forthcoming
Comparative Gerontolinguistics: characterizing discourses in caring institutions in South Africa and the United Kingdom, Sinfree Makoni & Karen Grainger (forthcoming)
Through different lenses: Social and Clinical Approaches to Health. Sinfree Makoni & E. Ridge. S.G. Ridge fourth coming
Perspectives on language in Academic development. South African Journal of Academic development. Vol 4 .Number 1. 1999
Does Alzheimer's disease occur in Africans ? Health Digest May Monica Ferreira and Sinfree Makoni
Compliance-gaining strategies in Black-White interaction in Nursing homes in South Africa Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development Vol. 17 (no.s 2 & 3) 227 - 248. 1998
Gerontolinguistics in South Africa. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 7. (no.s 57-66. 1997
Planning English in South Africa (with L. Hibbert) English Today 50. April 1997, 3-9. 1997
Variability in unplanned discourse. International Review of Applied Linguistics XXXXIV 1997 : 167-183
Is Zimbabwean English a type of Interlanguage? African Studies Monographs. Kyoto University. Vol. 14 (2) 12-21. 1996
Multiple Forces on New English's. University of Swaziland Research Journal Vol. 7: 23-33. 1996
Some comments on discourse domain as used in Studies of Interlanguage Variability, The International Journal of applied Linguistics Vol. 2 (1) 63-870. 1996
The effects of Linguistic context in unplanned discourse. Issues in Applied Linguistics Vol. 3 (1) 69-80.
In Response to New English's, University of Swaziland Research Journal Vol. 8 (1) 2-14
Some of the metaphors about language in language planning discourses in South Africa: boundaries, Frontiers and modification in the Quest for Identity in a Multicultural Society. Alizes Revue Angliciste de La Reunion.
Effects of Alzheimer's Dementia on Conversational Ability. Southern African Journal of Gerontology 1997 6(1) : 7-13
"They talk to us like children" A study into the nature of intergenerational discourse among African women in first time encounters in an African Township. Southern African Journal of Gerontology 1996 (5) 9-14
Linguistics and Language Teaching : a clash of interests South African Journal of Language Teaching 1995 Vol. 29 (3) 204-210
Deconstructing discourses about language in Language planning in South African. Journal of South African Languages 1995
The Consequences of a Chomskyan Perspective on rules in Second Language Acquisition. The South African Journal of Linguistics (1994) Vol. 12 (30) 79-84
Mother tongue education : A Literature review Elite Reporter Vol. 18 (1&2) 18-26
The futility of being held captive by language policy debates in South African Applied Linguistics. Perlinguam 1993 Vol. 9: 12-21.
Mother tongue Education: A Literature Review and Proposed research Design. South African Journal of African Languages 1993 Vol. 13 (3) 89-94.
A study into the effects of planning time and levels of proficiency on interlanguage variability 1993. The Southern African Journal of Applied Language Studies Vol. 2 (1) 45-1.

Chapters in Books

A study into the conversational abilities of a demented Second Language speaker. In Language and Literacy's. Proceedings of the 15th Annual conference of the Southern African Association of Applied Linguistics, University of Zululand, 1998.
In the beginning was the Missionaries Word: The European Invention of African languages, The Case of Shona in Zimbabwe. Between Distinction and Extinction the Harmonization and Standardization of African Languages. (Ed) K K Prah, 1998 Witwatersrand Press
An Argument for Renting and not Owning English (chapter) in From Teaching Machine to War Machine ed. D. Sarenjeive, Jutas Press, 1998.
Language and memory (chapter) in Memory in Post apartheid South Africa. Renegotiating the Past, Sarah Nuttall and Carli Cotzee (Ed's) Oxford University Press, 1998.
Language and Identities in Southern Africa (chapter) in Ethnicity in Africa, Roots, Meanings and Implications Louise de la Gorgendiere. Kenneth King & Sara Vaughn (Ed's) Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh 1998
New English's: Some historic economic, political and linguistic influences (chapter) in da Costa, C.Julie, D. Meerkotter. Let the Voices be heard Wyvern Publishers Cape Town , 1998.

Co-edited Books

Language and Institutions in Africa (co-edited with N.Kamwangamalu) Center for the Advanced Studies of African Societies, Cape Town (2000) Witwatersrand University Press 2000
Freedom and Discipline:Essays in Applied Linguistics from southern Africa. (co-edited with Elaine and Stan Ridge). New Delhi, Bahri
Improving Teaching and Learning in Higher Education in Southern Africa. Witatersrand Univeresity Press (2001)
Aging in Africa: sociolinguistic and anthropological approaches.London, (co-edited with K. Stroeken) UK, Ashgate
Black scholars on Black languages, (co-edited with Geneva Smitherman, Anetha Ball, & Arthur Spears) Routledge Press

Book Reviews

Discrimination through language the Namibian Experience (Ed) By M. Putz in BUA 10.4 1997
Focus on South Africa V. de Kerk 1996 (Ed) John Benjamin's Press (to appear in) the International Journal of the Sociology of language.
Language Attitudes in Southern Africa : R. Mesthrie 1996 (Ed) David Phiips Applied Linguistics June 1997 (co-reviewed with l. Hibbert)
Language Attitudes in Southern African: A Sociolinguistics Overview E. Adegbija, Language Education an International Journal.
Linguistics Imperialism R. Phillipson 1992 Oxford University Press in British Applied Linguistics Newsletter reprinted in the Communiqué : Newsletter for the Southern African Association of Applied Linguistics July 1997
English in Language Shift: The History, Structure and Sociolinguistics of South African Indian English R. Mesthrie 1993. Southern African Review of Books

Contact details

Sinfree Makoni, Ph.D.
Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging
191 Willoughby, Suite 1A
Brooklyn, NY 11201