Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging
The Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging is an active research laboratory, continually conducting both experimental and community survey projects. Below is a list of previous and ongoing research projects and links to associated research participation and training/employment opportunities. (Please click on citation to see full abstract.)
1. Stress and Coping in Older African Americans
Our research team has neared completion of the write up of this National Institutes of Health grant to Carol Magai, Carl Cohen, and Norweeta Milburn examining stress, coping and health among older minority groups. Covering a wide range of psychological and social variables and their relations to health, this project represents one of the first large-scale community sampling studies to clearly differentiate among subpopulations of African and European Americans. The data and theory from this project have been published in numerous international journals, including the Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, and Research on Aging, and presented at numerous national conferences. Request a Dataset
Magai, C., Cohen, C., Milburn, N., Thorpe, B., McPherson, R, & Peralta, D. (2001). Attachment styles in older European American and African American adults. Journals of Gerontology, Social Sciences, 56B, S28-S35. Zizi, F., Magai, C., Jean-Louis, G., Wolintz, A.H., Weiner, A., Greenidge, K.C. (2001). Prevalence of sleep complaints in visually impaired elderly. Contribution of ethnic differences. Investigations in Opthalmological Visual Science, 42, 863-65. Jean-Louis, G., Magai, C., Cohen, C. I., Zizi, F., Casimir, G. J., von Gizycki, H. (2001). Ethnic differences in self-reported sleep problems in older adults. Epidemiology and Sleep, 24, 926-933. Zizi, F., Jean-Louis, G., Magai, C., Greenidge, K.C., Wolintz, A.H., Heath-Phillip, O. (2002). Sleep complaints and visual impairment among older Americans: A community-based study. J Gerontology: Biological and Medical Sciences, 57, M691-94
C. Kerns, M., Gillespie, M. & Huang, B. (2003). Anger experience
and anger inhibition in sub-populations of African American and European
American older adults and relation to circulatory disease. Journal of Health Psychology, 8 413 – 432
W. M., Consedine, N. S., & Magai, C. (2005). Is altruism
adaptive: Providing social support relates to health in a culturally
diverse older aged sample. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological
Sciences, 60B (3), P143 - P152.
Gillespie, M., Magai, C., Consedine, N. S., & Morgenstern, A.
H. (in prep). A structural equation model of affectivity and age. Manuscript
N. S., Magai, C., & Krivoshekova,
Y. S. (under review). Sex and cohort differences in patterns of socioemotional
functioning in older adults. Invited manuscript submitted for publication.
2. Psychosocial Deterrents to Breast Cancer Screening
in Older African American Women.
Made possible through joint funding from the National Institute on General
Medical Science program and the National Institute on Aging to
Carol Magai and Al Neugut, this just-completed project employed an area-probability
sampling approach to examine the psychosocial variables associated with
the levels of breast cancer screening among Caucasians, U.S.-born African
American and Caribbean-American women. These large (N=300) samples were
later supplemented by the addition of a large Dominican sample (Funded
by the National Cancer Institute).Our dataset suggests large differences
both in levels of screening and the variables associated with breast
screening behavior (or its absence) among women from these diverse groups.
Several recently funded pilot projects (described below) have continued
to follow-up on these preliminary data.
N. S., Magai, C, Spiller, R., Conway, F., & Neugut, A. I. (2004).
Breast cancer knowledge and beliefs in subpopulations of African
American and African Caribbean women. American Journal of Health
Behavior, 28, 260 – 271.
N. S., Magai, C., Krivoshekova, Y., Ryzewicz, L., & Neugut,
A. I. (2004). Fear, anxiety, worry, and breast cancer screening
behavior: A critical review. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, & Prevention,
13 (4), 501-510.
Consedine, N. S., Magai, C., Conway, F., & Neugut, A. (2004).
Obesity and awareness of obesity as risk factors for breast cancer
in six ethnic groups. Obesity Research, 12 (10), 1680 - 1689.
Consedine, N. S., Magai, C., Horton, D, Neugut, A., & Gillespie,
M. (2005). Health Belief Model factors in mammography screening:
Testing for interactions among subpopulations of Caribbean women. Ethnicity & Disease,
15 (3), 444 - 452
Magai, C., Consedine, N. S., & Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E. (in revision).
Emotion inhibition as a deterrent to breast cancer screening in older
women. Manuscript submitted for publication.
C., Consedine, N. S., Conway, F., Neugut, A., & Culver, C.
(2004). Diversity matters: Unique populations of older women and
breast cancer screening. CANCER, 100 (11), 2300 – 2307.
W. M., Consedine, N. S., & Magai, C. (in press). Acculturation
and breast cancer screening in a sample of ethnically diverse immigrant
women. Journal of Immigrant Health.
N. S., Magai, C., & Horton, D. (2005). Ethnic variation in
the impact of emotion and emotion regulation on health: A replication
and extension. Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological
Sciences, 60B (4), P165 - P173.
N. S., Magai, C., & Horton, D. E. (under review). Regulating
emotion expression and regulating emotion experience: Divergent
associations with dimensions of attachment among older women.
N. S., Magai, C., Horton, D. E., & Brown, W. M. (under review).
The affective paradox: Ethnic differences in self-reported anger
and curiosity viewed from an emotion regulatory perspective.
E, Consedine, N. S., Magai, C., Gillespie, M., & Pierre-Louis,
J. (2005). Breast self-exam practices among women from six ethnic
groups. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 92 (1), 35 - 45
C., Consedine, N. S., & Neugut, A. I. (under review). Common
p sychosocial factors underlying breast cancer screening and
breast cancer treatment adherence. Manuscript submitted for publication.
C., Consedine, N. S., Neugut, A. I., & Herschman, D. (under
review). Psychosocial influences on sub-optimal adjuvant breast
cancer treatment adherence among African American women: A proposition
and prospect for research. Manuscript submitted for publication.
3. Message Framing and the Effectiveness of Breast Cancer Screening
in Minority Populations: Differences Among Sub-Populations of African
Despite a lower incidence of breast cancer among both African
and Caribbean American women, the five-year relative survival rate is
considerably lower, at least among African Americans. Both African American
and Caribbean women, including those with a family history of breast
cancer, are less likely to be screened and delay seeking care in the
presence of symptoms. According to the ACS, later diagnosis is likely
the cause of survival rate differences. Currently in the beginning stages
of recruitment, this NCI-funded pilot grant to Sinfree
Makoni , Nathan
Consedine, and Rita Kukafka (under a P20 Planning Grant to Carol
Magai and Al Neugut) looks to extend work documenting the effects of
presenting factually identical health-relevant information within different ‘frames’.
Discovering how different frames work within different groups of minority
women will enable more carefully targeting health promotion campaing..
N. S., Horton, D., Magai, C., Gillespie, M., Makoni, S., & Kukafka,
R. (under review). The emotional effects of framed messages among
Black and White women: Utilizing cultural characteristics to advantage
in health intervention
N. S., Horton, D., Magai, C., Makoni, S., Kukafka, R. (under
review). Breast screening in response to gain, loss, and empowerment
framed messages at 6 and 12 months: Testing the durability of
message impact. Manuscript submitted for publication.
4. Emotion Regulatory Processes and Cancer Knowledge Among Minority Women.
A second NCI-funded pilot grant to Francine
Conway , Nathan
Consedine , and George Bonanno, (under a P20 Planning
Grant to Carol Magai and Al Neugut) looks to extend correlational
findings regarding the relations between emotion regulation
and cancer knowledge to an experimental paradigm and continue
to develop the fruitful research collaboration between
Long Island University and Columbia.
5. The Relation Between Negative Emotion and Stress,
and Bio-Markers for Prostate Cancer in African American
and Latino Men
This project is the third NCI-funded pilot cancer grant
funded under a planning grant to Carol Magai and Al Neugut.
Administered by Carol
King, James McKiernan and Al Neugut , the goal of
the study is to clarify the relations among stress, emotion,
and personality variables along with biomarkers of prostate
cancer (prostate specific antigen). Again, this pilot
project continues to develop the research collaboration
between Long Island University and Columbia
N. S., Magai, C., Ungar, T., Kaluk, J., Kudadjie-Gyamfi,
E., King, A., & McTiernan, J.
(under review). Stress versus negative emotion in
the prediction of physical complaints: Are we accessing
the same construct in diverse groups?
A. R., Magai, C., Consedine, N. S., Macchia, R.
J., Adler, H. L., Stone, B. A., Goluboff, E. T.,
McKiernan, J. M., & Samadi, D. (under review).
Psychosocial correlates of PSA levels in men attending
prostate cancer screening clinics.
6. Ethnicity and Socioemotional Functioning in Later Life
This recently funded NIA-grant to Carol Magai, will enable us to follow-up the cohort of ethnically-diverse older adults that participated in our earlier study of Stress and Coping. The project has four major aims:
- To predict survival as a function of T1 socioemotional variables including negative emotion, emotion inhibition, attachment, and social networks
- To continue to develop ethnically-specific models regarding mortality and morbidity in subgroups of African and European Americans
- To assess the eight-year stability of discrete emotions, emotion regulatory styles, attachment styles and social networks, and
- To test theoretical models relevant to discrete emotions theory, attachment theory and socioemotional selectivity theory
7. Personality, Emotion and Health Project
The Intercultural Institute is currently conducting
a longitudinal study intended to contribute to the development
of scientific knowledge regarding the relationships between
emotion expression, cognitive change, and healt
Matched samples of Black and White, male and female participants, aged 45 and
above, participated in two 2-hour experimental sessions, spaced one month apart.
At each laboratory session, participants provided two narratives about either
sadness, happiness, or a neutral event while physiological, expressive, and
experiential measures were taken. During the intervening month, participants
were asked to keep a daily health and mood diary.
8. Emotions and Behavior Study
Following earlier cross-cultural work conducted by Nathan
Consedine while at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand,
and recently accepted for publication, researchers at
the Intercultural Institute on Human Development and Aging
are conducting a series of questionnaire-based investigations
of the relationships between emotion and behavior. `
N. S., Strongman, K. T., & Magai, C. (2003). Emotions
and behavior: Data from a cross-cultural recognition study. Cognition & Emotion,
17 881 –902.
N. S. Sabag-Cohen, S., Magai, C., & Strongman, K. T.
(under review). Empirical regularities in emotion-behavior
relations: From the molecular upwards.
9. Experimentally ascertained
psychological responses to cancer threat and prostate
screening behavior among African American, Jamaican,
and European American men
Following a number of insights into the relation between
emotion, emotion regulation and health behavior through
our large MBRS study, a pilot grant secured by Nathan
Consedine and Paul Ramirez at Long Island University
in collaboration with Luisa Borrell and Andrew Joe at
Columbia 's Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center
has begun experimentally examining one possible causal
pathway. Although there are many contributions to the
major ethnic differences in prostate screening, one overarching
factor that may be amenable to intervention appears to
be fears regarding cancer and cancer screening in populations
of African American men. What is less clear is exactly
how anxiety predicts screening behavior, whether fears
regarding prostate cancer and prostate cancer screening
are the same thing, and how valid the assessment of cancer
threat in minority men has actually been. The current
study examines these issues by experimentally investigating
cancer threat responses in two groups of men of African-descent
(African Americans and Caribbean Americans) and a contrast
group of European American men.
N. S., Horton, D., Ungar, T. M., Joe, A., Ramirez,
P., & Borrell, L. (under review).
Fear, knowledge and efficacy beliefs differentially
predict the frequency of DRE and PSA screening in
samples of older men. Manuscript submitted for publication.
10. Facilitators and Barriers to Prostate Cancer Screening
in Older African American and African Caribbean Men
A full project funded under the recently secured U54
cancer grant to Carol Magai and Al Neugut, this study
by Long Island University researchers Paul Ramirez,
Nathan Consedine and Carol Magai, together with James
McKiernan at Columbia, looks to examine the relative
contribution of sociodemographic, sociocognitive, and
socioemotional variables to study of prostate cancer
screening behavior among minority men. The study is
a community-based interviewing project that specifically
focuses on differences in the determinants of screening
behavior among subpopulations of African American men,
recruiting samples of both Jamaicans and Trinidadians.
11. Ethnicity, Coping, and Cancer Screening
Outcomes in Ethnic Subpopulations
As a result of our earlier survey work's suggesting
the that level of specificity at which ethnic group
membership was measured had important consequences
for both the psychological understanding of immigrant
groups and their health behavior, we initiated a pilot
project examining emotion and personality characteristics,
patterns of coping, and health screening outcomes. Data
were collected from 308 men and 308 women from 7 ethnic
groups (U.S.-born African Americans, U.S.-born European
Americans, Haitians, Dominicans, Puerto Ricans, Immigrant
Eastern Europeans, and people from the English-speaking
Caribbean), to our knowledge, one of the most specific
screening studies ever conducted. .
N. S., Morgenstern, A. H., Kudadjie-Gyamfi, E.,
Magai, C., & Neugut, A. I. (in revision). Prostate
cancer screening behavior in men from seven ethnic
groups: The fear factor. Manuscript submitted for
E., Consedine, N. S., & Magai, C. (under review).
On the importance of being ethnic: Coping with
the threat of prostate cancer in relation to prostate
cancer screening. Manuscript submitted for publication.
12. Medical Embarrassment:
A Preliminary Scale Development Project
During a long conversation at the International Society
for Research on Emotions (ISRE) Conference 2004, Nathan
Consedine and Dr.
Christine Harris of University of California San
Diego 's Department of Psychology discovered shared interests
in the influence of embarrassment on preventive behavior
and medical decision making. Based in functionalist theories
of emotion and the notion that medical embarrassment
is unlikely to prove uni-dimensional, this initial project
is gathering samples of Asian-, African, and European
American students to develop an instrument to measure
the different aspects of embarrassment as they relate
to preventive behavior and medical decision making. Data
collection began in the Fall of 2004 and concluded early
in the Spring of 2005.
Consedine, N. S., Krivoshekova, Y. K., & Harris,
C. R. (under review). Affective and cognitive factors
in the measurement of medical embarrassment: Psychometric
development and links to treatment seeking outcomes.
Manuscript submitted for publication.
13. Ethnic and Gender Differences
in Patterns of, and Beliefs About, Self-Disclosure
Following on from some of our earlier work documenting
ethnic variation in the links between psychological characteristics
and physical and mental health outcomes, we have recently
initiated a project examining ethnic and gender differences
in patterns of self-disclosure and the associated or
underlying beliefs about self-disclosure. More fully,
although a growing number of studies have documented
ethnic and gender differences in patterns of self-disclosure,
the motivations and belief structures that guide behavior
have remained comparatively unexplored. This initial
project gathered samples of African, and European American
students to develop an instrument to comprehensively
measure patterns of self-disclosure (who discloses what
and to whom?) as well as assess beliefs about the personal
and interpersonal consequences of self-disclosure and
link the two to well-validated personality instruments.
Consedine, N. S., Sabag, S., & Krivoshekova,
Y. S. (under review). Ethnic differences in patterns
of self-disclosure: Who discloses what and to whom?
Manuscript in preparation.
Consedine, N. S., Soeiro, R., & Krivoshekova,
Y. S. (in prep). Preliminary psychometric development
of a scale to measure beliefs about the consequences
of self-disclosure. Manuscript in preparation.