||The year 1998 was the centennial celebration
of the consolidation of New York, Brooklyn and the other three boroughs.
The Urban Studies Department and the History Department at LIU marked
this celebration with a conference that highlighted the special attachment
and recognition people, both here and abroad, have for Brooklyn. Both
before and after the consolidation, Brooklyn has remained a city apart.
Even when connected to Manhattan, Brooklyn has often competed or existed
in uneasy tension with that Goliath across the river
The conference examined broad themes of Brooklyn's history, contemporary realities, popular culture and urban folklore. The academic papers, musical presentations, and videos focused on Brooklyn as part of New York City or as a distinct place typified by a diversity of cultures, a working class ethos, a burly independence, and a populist democratic culture.